When I used to TA for the University of Saskatchewan in our intro C/C++ first year classes I used to try and challenge the students sometimes. When the assignment rolled out on sorting the students were instructed to swap two variables. As brand new programmers sometimes something as simple as swapping two variables doesn’t leap out at you. Of course we just teach them that you need a temp variable and mission accomplished. Well I always offered bonus marks for anyone who could derive the variable swap with no temp variable. Years pass, no student ever got back to me with the answer ( they obviously didn’t have Google Fu ). I find myself writing a routine today that required a swap. I still remembered the trick:
int x = 42;
int y = 51236;
printf(“X before swap = %d\n”, x);
x ^= y;
y ^= x;
x ^= y;
printf(“X after swap = %d\n”, x);
XOR god mode and fairly easy to remember. X xor Y, Y xor X, X xor Y. Useful for any POD that is expressed as bytes consistently across architectures.
Needless to say this is a fun trick to blow the minds of long time programmers.